Comparative Analysis of Derivational Prefixes of Dari Persian and Their Russian Equivalent

  • Захра Ахмади Ahmadi Zahra, PhD, Tajik National University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
  • Махдии Мухаммадбегии Косвои Mahdi Mohammad Beygi Kasvaei, PhD, Tajik National University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
  • Ширин Хаитова Haitova Shirin, Associate Professor, Tajik National University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
Keywords: Morpheme, Affix, Prefix, Meaning, Productive, Dari Persian, Russian Language.

Abstract

In this article, using of the example of lexical material of the well-known literary monument "Zakhire Kharazmshahi" Seyyed Ismail Jorjani is tasked to conduct a comparative analysis of word-form consoles in Dari Persian language and their Russian equivalents. Authors of the article consider various approaches to study the prefix word formation method in the two languages under consideration. The subject especially was studied from the point of view of semantic-syntactic specifics in two languages about prefixes, which were subjected to partial consideration. When selecting the values of authors, problem of lexica-semantic features of the prefix verbs is touched upon. In the process of studying, the most common prefixes and their Russian equivalents were identified and analyzed, their semantic similarities were revealed. It is noted that some prefixes during historical development of Persian language underwent phonetic changes. Some prefixes, which previously acted as independent words, eventually turned into a derivational morpheme.

Published
2019-08-30
How to Cite
Ахмади, З., Мухаммадбегии Косвои, М., & Хаитова, Ш. (2019). Comparative Analysis of Derivational Prefixes of Dari Persian and Their Russian Equivalent. Issledovatel’skiy Zhurnal Russkogo Yazyka I Literatury, 7(2), 187-205. https://doi.org/10.29252/iarll.13.2.187
Section
Articles